Style Summary: Art Deco and Art Moderne
Paris Exhibition of 1925
While the term “Art Deco” did not emerge until later, the ideas and forms that became known as Art Deco style were given broad exposure at the International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts held in Paris in 1925. The intent of the fair was to celebrate modernism in architecture and all the arts.
Art Deco and Art Moderne—what’s the difference?
The simplest way to tell the difference between the two styles is to see whether the emphasis is on vertical lines or horizontal ones. Art Deco is typically vertical and embellished with zig-zags, chevrons, and other geometric motifs, while Art Moderne is typically horizontal with asymmetrical facades and massing, and often with curved edges and corner windows. Both styles can be seen in apartment buildings and larger private homes (with concentrations in Los Angeles and Miami), but less commonly in smaller homes in working class neighborhoods.